· The mango tree is erect with a height of 10 to 30 m with a broad, rounded canopy, which may with age attain 30 to 38 m in width. In deep soils the taproot can reach a depth of 2 m: The leaves are alternate and borne mainly in rosettes. New leaves that emerge periodically and are yellowish, pinkish, deep rose or wine-red and turn dark-green, glossy above, and lighter underneath on maturity.
· The fruits are oval, ovoid-oblong, kidney- shaped or nearly round... The skin is waxy, smooth, fairly thick, aromatic and color ranging from light/dark green to clear yellow, yellow- orange, reddish-pink argrayish¬purple when ripe. Some fruits varieties produces turpentine odor and flavor. The fruits produce flavored juice that ranges from sweet to sub-acid in taste. Rwanda produces also the original wild mangoes that are small fruits with scant, fibrous flesh and it is believed that natural hybridization has taken place and through selection of the hybrids there are currently new varieties propagated in commercial nurseries and orchards.
· Popular varieties for the Middle East markets are the Apple and Ngowe, while European markets prefer Tommy Atkins, Kent, Keitt, Haden and Van Dyke. Varieties grown in Rwanda are Tommy Atkins, Kent, Apple mango, Ngowe, Boribo, Dodo, Sensation
· Mango varieties sought on export markets are Keitt, Kent, Haden, Tommy Atkins and, recently, Ataulfo.
· The annual production is estimated at 2,000 MT a year dominated by local variety
· New mango orchards are being established, with commercial varieties mainly Tommy Atkins and Kent.