The passion fruit (Passiflora edulis), family Passifloraceae, is a native of Brazil. It is shallow rooted, perennial and climbs other plants to search for light by means of tendrils. Passion fruit was introduced in Rwanda for commercial juice processing. Rwanda produces passion fruit both for the local and export markets. The country exports fresh purple passion fruits to the European market.
- Type of varieties grown in Rwanda: Passiflora edulis (Purple passion fruit) na Passiflora flavocarpa (Yellow passion fruit), Sweet passion fruit, Giant passion fruit, Banana passion fruit. The fresh purple passion is the dominant variety produced for both local and export market.
- Cultivation locations in Rwanda: Popularly grown in Gakenke Nyaruguru, Rulindo, Gicumbi, Musanze and Burera districts.
- Climatic conditions for growth: In Rwanda, passion fruit grows well up to an altitude of 2000 m with an annual rainfall of 1000 to 2500 mm. The crop thrives well at tropical to subtropical humid climate and temperature of 200C to 300C.
- Soils: It grows best in light sandy loam well drained soils with pH between 6.0 -7.0.
- Destination: UK, Belgium, the Netherlands, Uganda, DRC, and Congo Brazzaville.